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Science Advisory Board

Dr. Linda Degutis, DrPH, MSN

Chief Science Officer & Chair of the Science Advisory Board, Director

Linda Degutis, DrPH, MSN Head shots for IOM and websiteLinda C. Degutis, DrPH, MSN, FRSPH (hon) is a consultant specializing in policy, advocacy, and injury and violence prevention. She is currently consulting on initiatives focusing on prevention of injury, suicide prevention and intervention, and violence prevention. Previously, she served as Director of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  At NCIPC, Dr. Degutis led initiatives in preventing violence and injuries, both domestically and internationally, focusing on interventions to address risk factors and developing closer linkages between research and practice. Prior to joining CDC, she was Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Public Health, and Associate Clinical Professor of Nursing at Yale University, and served as Research Director for Emergency Medicine and Director of the Yale Center for Public Health Preparedness. She was a 1996-97 Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellow, working in Senator Paul Wellstone’s (D-MN) office. Her research has focused on injury and violence prevention, as well as substance abuse prevention and intervention.  She has been actively involved in educational initiatives in injury and violence prevention and intervention, trauma system development and implementation, substance abuse prevention and intervention and public health preparedness.

Dr. Degutis is Past President of the American Public Health Association (APHA) and served as Chair of its Executive Board. She is an active member of the Injury Control and Emergency Health Services Section of APHA.  She recently completed 2 terms on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Policy Fellowship Advisory Board.  She currently serves on the Advisory Board of DePaul University’s College of Sciences and Health, the editorial boards of Injury Prevention, Public Health, and Injury Epidemiology, and the National Advisory Committee for Public Health Systems and Services Research at the University of Kentucky, as well as the board of the Association of Yale Alumni in Public Health.  She co-chairs the Advocacy and Policy Committee for the Society for the Advancement of Violence and Injury Research (SAVIR). She has been honored by the ICEHS Section of APHA through its Distinguished Career Award; the Association of Yale Alumni in Public Health through its Distinguished Alumni Award; and is an honorary fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health.


Dr. Terrie E. Moffitt, Ph.D.

Director, Science Advisory Board

Terrie MoffittDr. Terrie E. Moffitt studies how genetic and environmental risks together shape the developmental  course of psychiatric disorders. Her particular interest is in antisocial, violent, and criminal behavior, but she also studies depression, psychosis, and substance abuse.  She is Knut Schmidt Nielsen professor at Duke University in the USA, and at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London in the UK, as well as a trustee of the Nuffield Foundation.

Professor Moffitt co-directs the Dunedin Longitudinal Study, which has followed 1000 people born in 1972 in New Zealand from birth to age 38.  She also co-directs the Environmental-Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, which has followed 1100 British families with twins born in 1994-1995 from birth to age 18.  For her research, she has received the American Psychological Association’s Early Career Contribution Award and Distinguished Career Award in Clinical Child Psychology, the Royal Society’s Wolfson Merit Award, the Stockholm Prize in Criminology, the NARSAD Ruane Prize, and the Klaus J. Jacobs Prize. Dr. Moffitt is a fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, the American Society of Criminology, the British Academy, the American Psychopathological Association, Academia Europaea, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the Association for Psychological Science, and King’s College London.

She has served on investigative panels for institutions such as the Nuffield Council on Bioethics (ethics of behavioral genetic research) and the US National Academy of Sciences (research into firearms and violence).  Her favorite activities are camping and hiking trips in Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific, and working on her poison-ivy farm in North Carolina. To learn more, click here. Please go to WWW.MOFFITTCASPI.COM for more information.


Dr. John Krystal M.D.

Director, Science Advisory Board

John Krystal, MDDr. Krystal is the Robert L. McNeil, Jr., Professor of Translational Research and Chair of the Department of Psychiatry of the Yale University School of Medicine and Chief of Psychiatry at Yale-New Haven Hospital.  He is a graduate of the University of Chicago, Yale University School of Medicine, and the Yale Psychiatry Residency Training Program. He has published over 400 papers and reviews on the neurobiology and treatment of alcoholism, schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression.  Dr. Krystal’s research program unites psychopharmacology, neuroimaging, and molecular genetics.  His work on brain glutamate systems contributed to the identification of novel treatment mechanisms for alcoholism, depression, and schizophrenia that are now in development. Dr. Krystal is the Director of the NIAAA Center for the Translational Neuroscience of Alcoholism and the Clinical Neuroscience Division of the VA National Center for PTSD.

Dr. Krystal received a number of awards including the Joel Elkes Award of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, the Anna-Monika Foundation Prize for Depression Research, and the NIAAA Jack Mendelson Alcoholism Research Award.  He is also a member of the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.  He was Chairman of the NIMH Board of Scientific Counselors (2004-2007), served on the NIAAA National Alcohol Advisory Council (2008-2012), and president of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (2012).  Since 2006, he has edited a leading psychiatry and neuroscience journal, Biological Psychiatry.


Dr. James Blair, Ph.D.

Director, Science Advisory Board

James Blair, PhDDr. Blair is the NIMH Chief of the Unit on Affective Cognitive Neuroscience.  Dr. Blair received a doctoral degree in Psychology from University College London in 1993 under the supervision of Professor John Morton.  Following graduation he was awarded a Wellcome Trust Mental Health Research Fellowship that he held at the Medical Research Council Cognitive Development Unit for three years.  Subsequently, Dr. Blair moved to the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London.  There, with Uta Frith, he helped form and co-lead the Developmental Disorders group, and was ultimately appointed Senior Lecturer. Dr. Blair Joined the NIMH Intramural Research Program in 2002.

Dr. Blair’s primary research interest involves understanding the neuro-cognitive systems mediating affect in humans and how these become dysfunctional in mood and anxiety disorders. His primary clinical focus is in understanding the dysfunction of affect-related systems in youth with specific forms of conduct disorder. His research approach includes techniques employed in cognitive neuroscience (both neuropsychology and functional imaging), psychopharmacology and, more recently, molecular genetics.  Populations studied include both healthy adolescents and adults as well patients with psychopathy, acquired sociopathy, and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.


Dr. Adrian Raine, D. Phil.

Director, Science Advisory Board

Adrian RaineAdrian Raine, D.Phil., is University Professor and the Richard Perry Professor of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. Following two years as an airline accountant with British Airways he received his bachelor’s degree in Experimental Psychology from Oxford University in 1977, and his D.Phil. in Psychology from York University, England, in 1982. After spending four years in two top-security prisons in England where he worked as a prison psychologist, he was appointed as Lecturer in Behavioral Sciences in the Department of Psychiatry, Nottingham University in 1984. In 1986 he became Director of the Mauritius Child Health project, a longitudinal study of child mental health that today constitutes one of his key research projects. He immigrated to the United States in 1987 to take up a position as Assistant Professor in Psychology at the University of Southern California. He was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in 1990 and to full Professor of Psychology in 1994. In 1999 he was the recipient of an endowed chair, the Robert G. Wright Professorship of Psychology, at USC.

Dr. Raine has published seven books and over 300 journal articles and book chapters, and has been the principal investigator on 17 extramural research grants and main mentor on 11 NIH pre- and post-doctoral awards. He has given 278 invited presentations in 25 countries. For the past 36 years, Dr. Raine’s interdisciplinary research has focused on the biosocial bases of antisocial and violent behavior in both children and adults and prevention implications. His other research interests include: nutrition; white-collar crime; neuroethics; neurolaw; schizotypal personality; brain imaging; psychophysiology; neurochemistry; neuropsychology; environmental toxins; behavioral and molecular genetics. His latest book The Anatomy of Violence with Pantheon / Random House (U.S.) and Penguin (UK) provides an overview of biological research on violence for the general reader.


Dr. Kent A. Kiehl, Ph.D.

Director, Science Advisory Board

Kent Kiehl-2012-09-10-at-8.04.14-AMDr. Kiehl is an author and neuroscientist who specializes in the use of clinical brain imaging techniques to understand major mental illnesses, with special focus on criminal psychopathy, psychotic disorders (i.e., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, affective disorders), traumatic brain injury, substance abuse and paraphilias.  He designed the one-of-a-kind Mind Mobile MRI System  to conduct research and treatment studies with forensic populations.  To date, his laboratory has deployed the Mind Mobile MRI System to collect brain imaging data from over 3000 offenders at eight different correctional facilities in two states.  This represents the world’s largest forensic neuroscience repository.

Dr. Kiehl lectures extensively to state and federal judges, lawyers, probation officers, correctional officials, academic audiences, and the public about the intersection of neuroscience and law and psychopaths and the law.  In the last several years he has worked with the Federal Judicial Center to develop the educational curriculum for federal judges on neuroscience in the courtroom. Dr. Kiehl recently co-edited with Dr. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong a Handbook on Psychopathy and Law (2013; Oxford Press).  

Dr. Kiehl also serves as a legal consultant on criminal and civil cases involving neuroscience and law.  He recently formed a neuroscience and law consulting group, known as MINDSET, to aid lawyers and judges in the appropriate use (and misuse) of neuroscience in the courtroom.

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Bruce Jennings, M.S.

Director, Science Advisory Board

Bruce Jennings-2014-11-25Bruce Jennings is Adjunct Associate Professor of Health Policy in the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society at Vanderbilt University and Lecturer at the Yale University School of Public Health. He is also Senior Fellow at the Center for Humans and Nature and Senior Advisor and Fellow at The Hastings Center, where he served from 1991 through 1999 as Executive Director. In 2011 Mr. Jennings was named Editor-in-Chief of the standard reference work in the field of bioethics: Bioethics, 4th Edition. Formerly entitled the Encyclopedia of Bioethics, revised and updated 6 volume work was completed and published by Macmillan Reference in 2014.

Mr. Jennings has been active in the health policy and end of life care arenas and in public health and environmental policy. He has served on the Board of Directors of the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, and the Board of Trustees of the Hospice and Palliative Care Association of New York State. He was given an Outstanding Achievement Award from the NHPCO for his work on access to hospice and palliative care in 2003. He has also been active in the development of the field of public health ethics. From 2003-2009 he served as member and Chair of the Bioethics Advisory Committee at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and is currently Chair of the Ethics Advisory Committee of the March of Dimes. He has also been active in local government and community service, having served at an elected Village Trustee in Hastings-on-Hudson, NY from 2000-2006 and from 2009-2015.

A political scientist by training (Yale University B.A. 1971 and Princeton University M.A. 1973), Mr. Jennings has written and edited twenty five books and has published numerous articles on bioethics and public policy issues. Among his recent books are Public Health Ethics: Theory, Policy and Practice (Oxford University Press,2007); The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life: Revised and Expanded Second Edition, (Oxford University Press, 2013); Hospice Ethics: Policy and Practice in Palliative Care (Oxford University Press, 2014); and Regulating Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in the United States: The Limits of Unlimited Selection (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015). Forthcoming books include Emergency Ethics: Public Health Preparedness and Response (Oxford University Press, 2016) and Ecological Governance: Toward a New Social Contract with the Earth (West Virginia University Press, 2016).